Pristimantis ledzeppelin Brito-Zapata & Reyes-Puig, 2021
English name: Led Zeppelin's Rain Frog; Spanish name: Cutín de Led Zeppelin
|Species Description: Brito-Zapata D, and C Reyes-Puig. 2021. A new species of terrestrial-breeding frog Pristimantis (Anura: Strabomantidae) from the Cordillera del Cóndor, Zamora Chinchipe, Ecuador. Neotropical Biodiversity 7: 213–222.|
In general, P. ledzeppelin can be distinguished from other red-eyed Pristimantis (such as P. barrigai and P. nigrogriseus) by its W shaped scapular fold. Pristimantis ledzeppelin is most morphologically similar to P. muscosus (located in Northern Peru) but can easily be distinguished by several traits. Pristimantis ledzeppelin possesses a rounded snout with a small rostral papilla (vs. papilla is absent in P. muscosus), coarsely areolate venter (vs. areolate), truncated discs that are three times the width of the digits (vs. nearly truncate and more than twice the width of the digits), evident and subconical ulnar tubercules (vs. low and diffuse), supernumerary tubercles distributed throughout the plantar surface (vs. prominent in a single row on each digit), 4 - 6 subconical tubercles on the outer edge of tarsus (vs. one or two subconical tubercles proximally), and groins and hidden surfaces of thighs that are yellowish-cream with distinctive brownish-black markings and/or irregular orange blotches (vs. orange-yellow spots). Another species that is very morphologically similar to P. ledzeppelin is P. spinosus (from the central southeastern slopes of Ecuador). However, P. ledzeppelin has one evident subconical tubercle on the center of the eyelid surrounded by several lower subconical tubercles (vs. 2 - 3 elongate tubercles in P. spinosus), does not have cranial crests (vs. present), and the groin and hidden surfaces of thighs have yellowish cream with distinctive brownish black marks and/or irregular orange blotches (vs. black enclosing white spots) (Brito-Zapata and Reyes-Puig 2021).
In life, the base color of P. ledzeppelin is beige with irregular dark brown to greenish-brown transversal marks and scattered cream dots. The groin and hidden surfaces of the thighs are yellowish-cream colored with distinctive brownish-black marks (more common in males) and/or irregular orange blotches. The venter is yellowish-cream to light brown in color, possessing coppery tones and dark brown marbling. Ventral surfaces of the calf are brownish black, enclosing yellowish-cream to yellowish-orange blotches. The iris is coppery-red with thin brown reticulations. In preservative (70% ethanol solution), the dorsum is light brown to gray, with the snout being gray. The transversal marks on the hind limbs are black and white while the subocular and labial marks tend to be brown. The flanks are light brown marked by darker, diagonal brown stripes and the hidden surfaces of the groin and hind limbs are white with black markings. The underside and throat of the frog is white with dark brown marbling and the “V” shaped mark on the throat is light brown (Brito-Zapata and Reyes-Puig 2021).
There are differences between the male and female P. ledzeppelin with the female specimen being larger than either male specimen. Additionally, the W shaped scapular fold is present on both male and females, but is more pronounced in the males. Background coloration varies from light brown to gray with irregular dark brown marks to grayish brown to black. Marking on the thighs are also more pronounced in males. The venter color ranges from white to cream to light brown, but all marbling is with dark brown. Nevertheless, all variations of the frog present a “V” shaped brown mark on the throat and coppery iris (Brito-Zapata and Reyes-Puig 2021).
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
ETYMOLOGY:Pristimantis ledzeppelin honors the legendary rock band Led Zeppelin, whose sound revolutionized the music world and influenced countless other creators, especially in the hard rock and heavy metal scenes throughout the 1960s and 1970s (Brito-Zapata 2021).
Brito-Zapata D., Reyes-Puig C. (2021). “A new species of terrestrial-breeding frog Pristimantis (Anura: Strabomantidae) from the Cordillera del Cóndor, Zamora Chinchipe, Ecuador.” Neotropical Biodiversity 7(1), 213–222. [link]
Domínguez-Gaibor I., Punina J. S., Carvajal M. V., Andrade B. F. (2022). “Posibles Efectos del Cambio Climático en los Anfibios de la Amazonía Ecuatoriana.” Green World Journal 5(1), 006. [link]
Originally submitted by: Christian Luensmann (2022-11-07)
Description by: Christian Luensmann (updated 2022-11-07)
Distribution by: Christian Luensmann (updated 2022-11-07)
Life history by: Christian Luensmann (updated 2022-11-07)
Trends and threats by: Christian Luensmann (updated 2022-11-07)
Comments by: Christian Luensmann (updated 2022-11-07)
Edited by: Ann T. Chang (2022-11-07)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2022 Pristimantis ledzeppelin: English name: Led Zeppelin's Rain Frog; Spanish name: Cutín de Led Zeppelin <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/9431> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Feb 1, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 1 Feb 2023.
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