This species is known from two localities in Ecuador (Papallacta Valley near Cuyuja, in Napo Province, and Monte Olivo, in Imbabura Province), and from three localities in Putumayo department, Colombia. It is found between 2,350-2,910m asl. It probably occurs more widely but this requires confirmation.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a fossorial species of páramo grassland, cloud forest, and clearings (Lynch and Duellman 1980). It breeds by direct development.
This species was rare at Monte Olivo, where it was last collected in the year 2000.
Habitat loss and degradation, due to agriculture development and agricultural pollution, are the major threats.
It is not known to occur in any protected areas, making the protection of habitat within its range an urgent priority.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on the Amazonian slopes of the Ecuadorian Andes.
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Diego Almeida, Fernando Nogales 2010. Pristimantis gladiator. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56615A11505578. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T56615A11505578.en .Downloaded on 21 February 2019