Plethodon vehiculum
Western Red-backed Salamander, Western Redback Salamander
Subgenus: Hightonia
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Plethodontinae

© 2010 Michael Graziano (1 of 61)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in western North America from southwestern British Columbia, including Vancouver Island, south through western Washington to southwestern Oregon (Petranka 1998). It occurs at elevations from sea level to about 1,250 m asl (Stebbins 2003).

Habitat and Ecology

It can be found in humid coniferous forests, damp talus slopes and shaded ravines. It is often encountered under rocks, logs, leaf-litter, and other forest debris. On Vancouver Island, small individuals were found under small rocks and away from discrete cover objects in leaf-litter and under moss more frequently than were larger individuals (Ovaska and Gregory 1989). It lays eggs on land in moist retreats, where they develop directly without a larval stage.


It is one of the most commonly encountered terrestrial salamanders throughout its range (Nussbaum et al. 1983), with a stable population.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There are no major known threats to this species. Logging is not considered to be a major threat because this species maintains thriving populations in young forests.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
No conservation measures are needed for this species. It occurs in many protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of the large extent of occurrence, large number of sub-populations and localities, and large population size.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Plethodon vehiculum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T59358A78905923. .Downloaded on 19 February 2019


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