This species can be found in Gregory Bald and Great Smoky isolates, and the extreme northern part of the Balsam isolate, in North Carolina and Tennessee, USA, from 768-1,780m asl (Highton and Peabody 2000).
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits moist dense hardwood, coniferous, and mixed forests with mossy logs and slabs of rock. It is found in burrows, leaf-litter, or in spaces under rocks and logs during the day. It tolerates some level of disturbance, and much of its range occurs in secondary growth forest. Breeding is by direct development, and the eggs are probably laid in underground cavities.
Dodd (2004) mapped more than 100 collection or observation sites in the Great Smokies, and reported that this species is generally abundant.
Potential threats to this species are factors that negatively affect spruce fir forests such as global warming, acid rain, and balsam woolly adelgid (Adelges piceae) infestations.
This species is protected from the detrimental effects of clear-cutting (Ash 1997, Petranka, Eldridge and Haley 1993, Petranka 1998, Ash and Pollock 1999) by occurring completely within the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. It does not appear on any state or federal list of endangered species.
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened because although the species appears not to be in decline, its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
Highton and Peabody (2000) recently separated Plethdon jordani into multiple species: P. montanus, P. metcalfi, P. amplus, P. meridianus, P. jordani, P. shermani and P. cheoah.
Geoffrey Hammerson, David Beamer 2004. Plethodon jordani. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59343A11920582. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T59343A11920582.en .Downloaded on 18 February 2019