Plectrohyla guatemalensis
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Hylinae

© 2014 Stanley Moran (1 of 7)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs on both versants from south-eastern Chiapas, Mexico, to east-central Honduras. Its altitudinal range is 950-2,600 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This stream-breeding species inhabits cloud forests and premontane and lower montane forest. It is associated with cascading mountain streams.


It is still relatively common in Honduras, but, while formerly common, it is now uncommon in Guatemala and El Salvador. It has not been recorded in Mexico since 1944, and recent surveys to locate it have been unsuccessful.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Although it tolerates moderate habitat destruction, loss of original forest cover affects the microhabitat of this species. In Honduras, tadpoles have been found with deformed mouthparts, indicating chytridiomycosis. This is probably the explanation for the observed declines in the species in recent years.

Conservation Actions

There is protection of the cloud forests in southern Mexico and it occurs in several parks in Honduras, one in Guatemala, and one in El Salvador. However, given the threat of chytridiomycosis, a captive-breeding programme might need to be established.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because of a projected population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the next ten years, probably due to chytridiomycosis.


Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez 2010. Plectrohyla guatemalensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T55876A11367513. .Downloaded on 22 January 2019


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