Plectrohyla cembra
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Hylinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs only in two locations, one on the Pacific slope of the Sierra Madre del Sur, Distrito de Pochutla, Oaxaca, Mexico (the type locality, at 2,160m asl), and one 7.5km south-east of Llano de Guadalupe, in north-west Oaxaca (2,850m asl).

Habitat and Ecology

This species was collected in pine-oak forest. It is believed to breed in small streams.


This species has only been collected twice, once in 1969 and again in 1993. Recent attempts to locate it have been unsuccessful.

Population Trend


Major Threats

A major threat is the loss of pine-oak forest habitat to logging and agriculture. It might also have been impacted by chytridiomycosis.

Conservation Actions

The range of this species is not within any protected area, and the protection and/or restoration of the original habitat of this species is required. This species is listed as "Threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government. Further survey work is required to determine the population status of this species, and whether or not it survives in the wild; given the likely threat of chytridiomycosis, any surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ population.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered due to a suspected population decline of greater than 80% over the last ten years due to deforestation and potentially the effects of chytridiomycosis. It has not been seen since 1993 and is now possibly extinct.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was previously included in the genus Hyla but has recently been moved to the genus Plectrohyla (Faivovich et al. 2005).


Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez, Joseph Mendelson III 2006. Plectrohyla cembra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T55439A11311741. .Downloaded on 21 February 2019


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