Phrynoidis juxtasper
family: Bufonidae

© 2009 Andreas & Christel Nöllert (1 of 4)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Indonesia, Malaysia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is widely distributed in Borneo and Sumatra. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest, especially in areas between known sites. It occurs up to elevations of 1,600m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It occurs along rocky creeks and riverbanks and also wanders widely through primary and secondary forests. Occasionally it is found near isolated houses in hilly terrain near forest and in some types of tree plantations. It breeds in rocky-bottomed, strong flowing streams where the larvae also develop.


It is relatively abundant in Borneo, but is comparatively rare in Sumatra.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There are no threats to this relatively adaptable species.

Conservation Actions

It is present in many protected areas in Borneo and Sumatra.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Robert Inger, Robert Stuebing, Djoko Iskandar, Mumpuni 2004. Phrynoidis juxtaspera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54676A11184964.


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