Peltophryne fracta
family: Bufonidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Dominican Republic, Haiti



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species has a fragmented distribution in eastern Dominican Republic, and is known from six to eight locations very close together. The exact elevational range is not known but it is definitely known from only below 500m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

So far it has only been recorded from degraded forest; however, it is difficult to find outside the breeding season and so may just not have been recorded from primary forest yet. Eggs are laid in temporary pools, and the larvae develop in the pools.


Althought this species was formerly known to be abundant at a breeding aggregation near the town of Higuey in 1972, extensive surveys in the region in 2003 did not find any individuals (M. Hernandez pers. comm.).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat to the species is habitat loss and degradation largely due to intensive agriculture, but also due to human settlement and livestock grazing. The development of new tourism facilities nearby poses an additional threat to the existing habitat.

Conservation Actions

It is not known to occur in any protected areas, and protection of the existing habitat is urgently needed.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Dominican Republic.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was elevated from subspecific status under Peltophryne guentheri by Powell (1993).


Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Marcelino Hernandez, Robert Powell 2004. Peltophryne fracta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54641A11180042. .Downloaded on 23 February 2019


IUCN Terms of Use