This species has a restricted range in the lowlands of the Isla de Juventud and extreme western Cuba. It has been recorded from sea level up to 50m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits savannah habitat, with pinewood and palms, with sandy soils. Males call from temporary pools (rain puddles), flooded pastures, and other shallow still water (which is also where the eggs are laid). It is an explosive breeder that breeds after heavy rains.
It can be very common at breeding aggregations, but is otherwise hard to find.
The main threats to this species are habitat loss and degradation due to intensive agriculture and the extraction of sand for the glass industry. The invasive Dichrostachys cinerea (Marabu), a thorny, fast-growing woody species native to Africa that was introduced to the Caribbean in the 19th century, also poses a threat to native habitat, and is difficult and expensive to control.
The range of the species includes the Reserva Ecológica los Indios.
Red List Status
Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Peltophryne cataulaciceps. In: IUCN 2014