This species is endemic to the Lakes District in southwestern Anatolia, Turkey, ranging from the Konya Plain to Denizli. There are records from Lake Beyşehir, Lake Eğridir, Lake Suğla, Çarşamba Creek (Konya), Lake Gölcük (Isparta), Lake Hotamiş, Ivriz (Ereğli/Konya), Işikli Lake in Çivril (Denizli), and Çardak (Denizli).
Habitat and Ecology
This is a largely aquatic species of permanent wetlands with rich aquatic vegetation. The species' habitats include permanent ponds, rain pools, streams, rivers, irrigation channels, reservoirs, marshes, springs and fishponds. It is a seasonal breeder, with breeding taking place in permanent waterbodies, and can be found in surrounding terrestrial habitats. This species is somewhat adaptable and can occur in modified habitats where suitable wetlands exist.
It is common species in suitable habitat (Ǒz, pers. comm. 2008).
A major threat to this species habitat loss from water extraction, the drying of its aquatic habitats, and land conversion. A number of dams for drinking water and irrigation are planned in the species' habitat which would dry lakes in the area and pose a significant threat to the species. In addition, this species is the largest edible frog in Turkey, and is commercially collected for trade for food in France, Italy, and Switzerland representing threat to the species.
This species has been recorded from the protected areas of Lake Beyşehi National Park and Kovada Lake National Park.
The impact of habitat loss and conversion and collection requires monitoring. The taxonomic status of this species requires further investigation.
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened because of ongoing threats to the species from habitat loss and overexploitation. It has a relatively wide distribution, presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. Continued exploitation for trade could cause this species to be threatened in the future.
We follow Jdeidi et al. (2001a,b), Plötner and Ohst (2001) and Plötner et al. (2001) in treating this as a species distinct from Pelophylax bedriagae.
Mehmet Ǒz, Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Uğur Kaya, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu, Max Kasparek 2009. Pelophylax caralitanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T135806A4203649. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T135806A4203649.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019