Pelophylax bedriagae
Levant Green Frog, Jaza' Akhdar
family: Ranidae

© 2015 Martin Pickersgill (1 of 11)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species ranges widely in the eastern Mediterranean. In Turkey this species is widespread along the Aegean coast and the southern part of the Anatolian highlands. It is also found on the Greek islands close to the coast of Turkey including the island of Rhodes (Arnold 2002), and ranges through much of Cyprus. It is present in eastern Syrian Arab Republic (with isolated populations in the north and east), most of Lebanon (where it is a common species), northeastern Jordan (with an isolated population known from the Azraq Oasis), Lebanon (a common species), much of Israel (except the extreme south), and Egypt (Nile Delta and northeastern Sinai (Disi et al. 2001, S. Baha El Din pers. comm.). It might range more widely, and records from Iraq (not mapped) require confirmation; this will be determined by ongoing taxonomic work. In Jordan the species has been collected from sea level to 1,500 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This is a largely aquatic species of permanent wetlands with rich aquatic vegetation. The species' habitats include permanent ponds, rain pools, streams, rivers, irrigation channels, reservoirs, marshes, springs and fishponds, being sometimes found in surrounding terrestrial habitats. It is able to survive in areas with organic pollution and tributaries from hot mineral springs. It is a seasonal breeder, with breeding taking place in permanent waterbodies. This species can occur in modified habitats where suitable wetlands exist.


It is generally common to abundant in humid areas. In Lebanon it is very abundant in the lowlands and is also common at higher elevations. It is common, but localized in Egypt (S. Baha El Din pers. comm.).

Population Trend


Major Threats

It is threatened by a localized loss of habitat through the drainage of wetlands, pollution, excessive drought and the development of coastal areas. It is caught and exported from Turkey to western Europe for food which represents a significant threat. It is exported in large numbers from Egypt (S. Baha El Din pers. comm.). There are no threats to the species in Lebanon. On the smaller islands in Greece where this species is present, it is sometimes threatened by water abstraction by local people.

Conservation Actions

Further surveys are needed to accurately determine this species range. It is protected by national legislation in Israel, and it is present in the Azraq Wetland Reserve, Dana Wildlife Reserve and Al Maujib Wildlife Reserves of Jordan and the Arz El-Shouf, Horj Ehden, Ammiq marshes and Sandy Beach of Sour protected areas in Lebanon. It is found several protected areas in Turkey.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, its tolerance of a broad range of habitats, its presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was previously considered to be a subspecies of Pelophylax ridibundus. The taxonomy and distribution of this species and other West Asian water frogs needs further research. The taxonomic status of populations on Cyprus should also be reviewed as these animals might represent a species endemic to that island (W. Böhme pers. comm.).


Papenfuss, T., Kuzmin, S., Disi, A.M., Degani, G., Ugurtas, I.H., Sparreboom, M., Anderson, S., Sadek, R., Hraoui-Bloquet, S., Gasith, A., Elron, E., Gafny, S., Lymberakis, P., Böhme, W. & Baha El Din, S. 2009. Pelophylax bedriagae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T58559A86622844. .Downloaded on 23 February 2019


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