Oophaga speciosa (Schmidt, 1857)
Splendid Poison Frog
Coloration: Its color in life is red. In preservative, it is entirely gray except for a few possible light spots (Silverstone 1975).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Panama
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
This frog exhibits uniparental care. Females deposit eggs in leaf litter, and once the eggs hatch, the females carry the tadpoles to small accumulations of water, formed in the leaf/stem axils of plants. Females return to feed tadpoles with infertile eggs (Summers 1999).
It is common for males to be very aggressive when defending territories for foraging and oviposition sites (Wells 2007).
Trends and Threats
Relation to Humans
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2020. Oophaga speciosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T55201A54344718. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T55201A54344718.en. Accessed on 1 October 2022.
Savage, J. M. (1968). ''The dendrobatid frogs of Central America.'' Copeia, 1968(4), 745-776.
Silverstone, P. A. (1975). ''A revision of the poison-arrow frogs of the genus Dendrobates Wagler.'' Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Scientific Bulletin, 21, 1-55.
Stuart, S., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Berridge, R., Ramani, P., Young, B. (eds) (2008). Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Edicions, IUCN, and Conservation International, Barcelona, Spain; Gland, Switzerland; and Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Summers, K., Weigt, L. A., Boag, P., and Berningham, E. (1999). ''The evolution of female parental care in poison frogs of the genus Dendrobates: evidence from mitochondrial DNA sequences.'' Herpetologica, 55, 254-270.
Wells, K. D. (2007). The Ecology and Behavior of Amphibians. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.
Originally submitted by: Chelsea Deerinck (first posted 2011-06-23)
Edited by: Brent Nguyen, Michelle S. Koo (2022-10-09)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2022 Oophaga speciosa: Splendid Poison Frog <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/1645> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Apr 1, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 1 Apr 2023.
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