Oophaga histrionica
Harlequin Poison Frog
family: Dendrobatidae
subfamily: Dendrobatinae

© 2018 Dr. Peter Janzen (1 of 21)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
CITES Appendix II
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in the Pacific Lowlands of Colombia, in the Departments of Antioquia, Choco, and Valle del Cauca, from sea level up to 1,000m.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives mostly on the ground in tropical rainforests, but it can be found also perching on leaves at different levels above ground. It can survive in secondary forest, and in small plantations, but not in open areas. The eggs are laid on the ground, and the larvae are transported to bromeliads by the female.


It is a common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threats are deforestation for agricultural development, illegal crops, logging, and human settlement, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. The species is also sometimes collected illegally for the international pet trade and the medicinal trade, but it is not clear that this has a significant impact on its populations.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in several protected areas. Management practices that could allow a commercial, sustainable harvest of this species should be investigated. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Dendrobates spp. from the wild for breeding (or other) purposes. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Wilmar Bolívar, Stefan Lötters, Taran Grant 2004. Oophaga histrionica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55187A11254233. .Downloaded on 16 December 2018


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