This species ranges from extreme northeastern Panama, through the Atlantic versants of Costa Rica and Nicaragua to north-central Honduras. It occurs generally below 600m asl. Records up to 1,780m asl in Honduras might refer to another species.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits humid lowland forest, where it is terrestrial and semi-fossorial. It can survive in somewhat disturbed forest where there are still tall trees. In Honduras, it has been recorded from shaded coffee plantations (Franklin Castañeda pers. comm.). It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.
It is uncommon but present widely. In Honduras it is fairly common, with between five and seven specimens recorded in 2006 (Franklin Castañeda pers. comm.).
The main threat to this species is the drying of the soil resulting from the loss of trees. This is happening through much of its range due to the expansion of agriculture and human settlements, as well as logging. The conversion of shaded coffee plantations to open plantations is likely to lead to a decline in this species (Franklin Castañeda pers. comm.).
It presumably occurs in a number of protected areas.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
It is possible that unrelated species are being referred to under this name (D. Wake pers. comm.).
Ibáñez, R., Wake, D., Chaves, G., Bolaños, F., Köhler, G. & Castañeda, F. 2008. Oedipina cyclocauda. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59311A11912455. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59311A11912455.en .Downloaded on 23 January 2019