Nymphargus balionotus (Duellman, 1981)
Mindo Glassfrog, Rana de Cristal de Mindo
|Species Description: Duellman, W. E. (1981). "Three new species of centrolenid frogs from the Pacific versant of Ecuador and Colombia." Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, the University of Kansas, 88, 1–9.|
© 2010 Division of Herpetology, University of Kansas (1 of 1)
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Ecuador
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Nymphargus balionotus deposit their eggs on leaves, mosses, rocks, branches in riparian areas (Díaz-Ricaurte and Guevara-Molina 2020, Guayasamin et al. 2020).
Most species within the Nymphargus genus have a completely transparent ventral peritoneum or stomach tissue (Díaz-Ricaurte and Guevara-Molina 2020).
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
The specific epithet “balionotus” is derived from the greek words “balios” meaning “spotted, dappled” and “notos” meaning “back”, and is in reference to the dorsal patterning of the species (Guayasamin et al. 2020).
The species was first described by William Duellman in 1981 as Centrolenella balionota. It has also been placed in the genera Cochranella, Centrolene, and Cochranella, before being assigned to Nymphargus by Guayasamin et al. (2019, Guayasamin et al. 2020).
Díaz-Ricaurte, J.C., Guevara-Molina, C.E. (2020). “Morphological and molecular data reveal new country records and distribution extensions of some glassfrogs (Anura: Centrolenidae) for Colombia.” Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 57(1): 51-65 [link]
Guayasamin, Cisneros-Heredia, D. F., McDiarmid, R. W., Pena, P., Hutter, C. R. (2020). “Glassfrogs of Ecuador: Diversity, Evolution, and Conservation.” Diversity (Basel), 12(6), 222 [link]
Guayasamin, J. M., Cisneros-Heredia, D. F., Vieira, J., Kohn, S., Gavilanes, G., Lynch, R. L., Hamilton, P. S., Maynard, R. J. (2019). “A new glassfrog (Centrolenidae) from the Chocó-Andean Río Manduriacu Reserve, Ecuador, endangered by mining. PeerJ, 7, e6400. [link]
Maynard, R. J., Trageser, S. J., Kohn, S., Hamilton, P. S., Culebras, J., Guayasamin, J. M. (2020). "Discovery of a reproducing population of the Mindo Glassfrog, Nymphargus balionotus (Duellman, 1981), at the Río Manduriacu Reserve, Ecuador, with a literature review and comments on its natural history, distribution, and conservation status." Amphibian Reptile Conserv, 14(2), 172-184 [link]
Originally submitted by: Malena Mackey Cabada, Kailyn Lindaman, Lyle Eustice (2022-04-06)
Distribution by: Malena Mackey Cabada, Kailyn Lindaman, Lyle Eustice (updated 2022-04-06)
Life history by: Malena Mackey Cabada, Kailyn Lindaman, Lyle Eustice (updated 2022-04-06)
Trends and threats by: Malena Mackey Cabada, Kailyn Lindaman, Lyle Eustice (updated 2022-04-06)
Comments by: Malena Mackey Cabada, Kailyn Lindaman, Lyle Eustice (updated 2022-04-06)
Edited by: Ann T. Chang (2022-04-06)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2022 Nymphargus balionotus: Mindo Glassfrog <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/1755> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Dec 5, 2022.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2022. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 5 Dec 2022.
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