Nototriton major

Subgenus: Nototriton
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Costa Rica


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from the type locality on the north-facing premontane slope of the Cordillera de Talamanca, near Moravia de Chirripó, in Cartago Province in eastern Costa Rica, at 1,100-1,200m asl. Its distribution is not well understood, and it might occur more widely.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in premontane rainforest, probably in moss mats, and presumably breeds by direct development.


There is no information on the population status of this species, which is known from one specimen only, and is likely to be rare.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat is loss of habitat due to increased urbanization, and expanding smallholder farming and cattle ranching activities.

Conservation Actions

It is not found in any protected areas, but does occur in the Reserva Indígena Chirripó.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Bolaños, F., Wake, D. & Savage, J. 2008. Nototriton major. In: IUCN 2014


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