Painted Burrowing Frog, Common Spadefoot Toad
© 2008 Kerry Kriger savethefrogs.com (1 of 1)
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Breeds after heavy rain and flooding. Males call whilst floating in open, shallow and still water.
Eggs are contained within long jelly strings and are wrapped around submerged vegetation in ponds, dams, ditches and flooded claypans. Tadpoles are aquatic and may take 4- 7 months to develop. (Barker et al 1995; Cogger 1992; Hero, J.-M et al 1991).
Trends and Threats
This species was featured as News of the Week on 30 November 2020:
While common in plants, whole genome duplication, or polyploidy, is rare in animals. The animals that are polyploid tend to reproduce asexually. Notable exceptions in the amphibian world that display both polyploidy and sexual reproduction, include members of the Xenopus genus and Bufotes viridis complex. Novikova et al. (2020) investigated another system in the Australian genus Neobatrachus, where six members are diploid and three are tetraploid, to better understand the evolutionary role of polyploidism. They found asymmetric gene flow from the more isolated diploid species to tetraploids, which have wider distributions, as the origin of the polyploid species. Furthermore, these inter-specific hybrid tetraploids displayed more wide-spread gene flow and were more tolerant of climate-induced habitat loss, providing a potential rescue effect to species diversity in the genus. (AChang)
Barker, J., Grigg, G. C., and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty and Sons, New South Wales.
Cogger, H.G. (1992). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books, New South Wales.
Hero, J.-M., Littlejohn, M., and Marantelli, G. (1991). Frogwatch Field Guide to Victorian Frogs. Department of Conservation and Environment, Victoria.
Roberts JD (2010). ''Taxonomic status of the Australian burrowing frogs Neobatrachus sudelli, N. centralis and Neoruinosus and clarification of the type specimen of N. albipes.'' Records of the Western Australian Museum, 25, 455–8. [link]
Written by J-M Hero et al. (m.hero AT mailbox.gu.edu.au), Griffith University
First submitted 2002-04-05
Edited by Kellie Whittaker, updated by Michelle Koo (2020-11-29)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2020 Neobatrachus sudellae: Painted Burrowing Frog <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/3532> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jan 18, 2021.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2021. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 18 Jan 2021.
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