Minervarya parambikulamana
family: Dicroglossidae
subfamily: Dicroglossinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: India



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from the Western Ghats type locality of "Parambikulam forests, Cochin State" (Rao 1937), now in Kerala, India. It is possible that the type specimen was collected at around 700 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

While this species was collected from "Parambikulam forests" (Rao 1937) there is no confirmed information on its habitat and ecology. It is presumed to breed in water by larval development.


It is known only from the lost holotype, so its population status is unknown.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Threats to this species are unknown.

Conservation Actions

Recent sampling in the Parambikulam area has failed to locate any specimens that are referable to the type description, so further sampling of the area's forests is urgently required. It is possible that the type locality might be in a protected area (possibly the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary), but the original site of collection is unclear. This species is protected by national legislation. Its taxonomic validity needs to be investigated.

Red List Status

Data Deficient (DD)


Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing doubts as to its taxonomic validity as well as absence of recent information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.

Taxonomic Notes

When the first assessment for this species was published (in 2004) it was under the generic name Fejervarya. In 2009, the species was transferred it to the genus Zakerana. Zakerana is now recognised as a junior synonym of Fejervarya (Dinesh et al. 2015), hence the species has been returned to the genus Fejervarya. This is not a reassessment of the status of this species; instead it is an updated version of the original assessment to reflect this taxonomic change.

The type specimen is believed to be lost (Dubois 1984). Its systematic status is uncertain.


Biju, S.D., Dutta, S. & Inger, R.F. 2016. Fejervarya parambikulamana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T58284A91236674. .Downloaded on 15 February 2019


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