AmphibiaWeb - Minervarya greenii
AMPHIBIAWEB
Minervarya greenii
Sri Lanka Paddy Field Frog
family: Dicroglossidae
subfamily: Dicroglossinae

© 2011 Champika Sandaruwan Holiya Bandara (1 of 2)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
CITES No CITES Listing
National Status Endangered
Regional Status None
Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report.

   

 

View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (9 records).

Description
Size of male: 30-43 mm, female: 32-50 mm

Colour of dorsum is green with dark spots and with a yellow mid-vertebral band. Belly whitish-yellow. Vocal sacs and throat speckled with grey.

Paddy Field Frog belongs to the Fejervarya limnocharis group and is distinguished from F. limnocharis by its longer fingers and toes, less webbing between the toes, and uninterrupted longitudinal ridges on the dorsum. The tadpoles of Fejervarya greenii differ from those of Fejervarya limnocharis by having a dark pigmented tail fin.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Sri Lanka

 

View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (9 records).
Terra typica: Punduloya, Central Ceylon [Sri Lanka]

Endemic to Sri Lanka. A montane species, having been recorded at altitudes above 1700 m asl in the central hills. This frog can be found in margins of shallow, slow-flowing streams, and under grass tussocks in marshes and small water holes.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
This frog is active during daytime and can be found in leaf litter near streams inside forest.

In the Horton Plains, a large breeding aggregation of about 20-30 specimens was observed. I found Paddy Field Frog in open ponds in Hakgala Botanical Garden swimming and barking at the surface in daytime. Juveniles of SVL 13-19,6 mm were observed on 19 March 1994 and of SVL 19,4-22,6 mm on 10 August 1995 at the Horton Plains and at Ohiya. Also, I found Paddy Field Frog in Hakgala Botanical Garden. (pers. comm., P. Janzen)

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

Local pesticides, fertilizers, and pollutants
Long-distance pesticides, toxins, and pollutants

References

De Silva, A., Molur, S., and Walker, S. (2000). CAMP Report for Amphibians and Reptiles of Sri Lanka. Conservation Breeding Specialist Group, Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Dutta, S.K. and Manamendra-Arachchi, K. (1996). The Amphibian Fauna of Sri Lanka. Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K. (2000). ''Know your frog.'' Sri Lanka Nature, 2(5), 4-16.



Originally submitted by: peter Janzen (first posted 2000-09-08)
Edited by: Peter Janzen (2021-11-10)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2021 Minervarya greenii: Sri Lanka Paddy Field Frog <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/4756> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Dec 2, 2021.



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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2021. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 2 Dec 2021.

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