Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus
family: Bufonidae

© 2012 Samuel Renner (1 of 3)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Brazil



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from the type locality: Torres, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The type locality is listed as a municipality, which has since been divided into several municipalities.

Habitat and Ecology

There is no information about its ecology or biology in the literature. It presumably breeds in water.


The species had not been recorded since 1960, until its recent rediscovery (one juvenile) in 2004 (Escobar et al. 2004).

Population Trend


Major Threats

There is no information on threats to this species, although there has been extensive habitat loss in its range due to urbanization in the last 30 years. The Coastal Atlantic Forest is considered to be one of the smallest and the most threatened ecosystems in Rio Grande do Sul (Fontana et al. 2003 in Escobar et al. 2004).

Conservation Actions

There are no protected areas near where this species was collected. It is categorized as Vulnerable on the Brazil national list.

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, it is known from fewer than ten locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil.


D├ębora Silvano, Paulo Garcia 2010. Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T54823A11210082. .Downloaded on 21 February 2019


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