Megophrys stejnegeri
family: Megophryidae

© 2009 Pierre Fidenci (1 of 22)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Philippines


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the Encyclopedia of Life account:


The genus Megophrys is part of a large family of unique frogs (Megophryidae), consisting of roughly 140 species in 10 genera (Brachytarsophrys, Borneophrys, Leptobrachella, Leptolalax, Leptobrachium, Megophrys, Ophryophryne, Oreolalax, Scutiger, Xenophrys; Brown et al., 2009). Common names for some of the unique genera include “spadefoot toads,” “moustache toads,” “litter frogs,” and “horned frogs” (Brown et al., 2009). For more than half a century, only two megophryid genera have been recognized in the Philippines: Megophrys and Leptobrachium (Taylor, 1920; Inger, 1954; Brown and Alcala, 1970; Alcala, 1986; Alcala and Brown, 1998; Brown and Diesmos, 2002; Diesmos et al., 2004; Brown 2007; Brown et al., 2009).

Two species in the genus Megophrys are currently recognized to occur in the Philippines. Megophrys ligayae occurs in the Palawan faunal region, and Megophrys stejnegeri occurs in the Mindanao faunal region. Both species are leaf-litter mimics, with spiny body projections that mimic the outline of leaves. This body morphology, coupled with body coloration that matches the leaf-litter substrate, aides individuals in concealing their location on the forest floor. Males will often be observed calling from beneath leaves and debris.

Author: Siler, Cameron

Type Locality

Bunawan, Agusan Province, Mindanao, Philippines; type stored in the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh; CM 3394

Author: Siler, Cameron

Faunal Affinity

Mindanao Pleistocene Aggregate Island Complex (PAIC; Brown and Diesmos, 2002)

Author: Siler, Cameron


This species has been documented to occur on the islands of Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Samar, and Mindanao islands in the Philippines.

Author: Siler, Cameron

Look Alikes

Megophrys stejnegeri most closely resembles M. ligaye.

Author: Siler, Cameron