Megophrys baluensis

Subgenus: Pelobatrachus
family: Megophryidae

© 2012 Nathan Litjens (1 of 5)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Malaysia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This Bornean endemic species is known from Kinabalu and Crocker Range National Parks in Sabah, Malaysia, from 1,200–1,900 m asl. It might also occur in Mount Trus Madi, however this requires confirmation (P. Yambun pers. comm. January 2018). The estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) of its known range is 1,173 km2.

Habitat and Ecology

This species is restricted to montane forests, where adults and juveniles have been found in leaf-litter on the forest floor. Breeding is thought to take place in slow-flowing regions of clear, rocky streams.


There are no estimates of population size, but it appears to be common in Kinabulu National Park (P. Yambun pers. comm. January 2018). The population is considered to be stable (P. Yambun pers. comm. January 2018).

Population Trend


Major Threats

There are no major threats to the species at present as it occurs within two well-managed and well-protected areas (P. Yambun pers. comm. January 2018).

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It occurs in Kinabalu and Crocker Range National Parks, which are well-protected.

Conservation Needed
Continuation of rigorous management of the existing protected areas to protect forest habitat is the best guarantee for the conservation of this species.

Research Needed
Surveys of potentially suitable areas of habitat in adjacent parts of Borneo are needed to determine whether or not this species might occur elsewhere, and also to help better understand its current population status.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)


Listed as Least Concern since, although its estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) is 1,173 km2, it occurs in two well-protected and well-managed national parks, where suitable habitat remains, and there are no threats at present.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Megophrys baluensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T57631A123692546. .Downloaded on 24 January 2019


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