This species occurs in the mountains of the Venezuelan coastal range, from 30-1,610m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species is diurnal, and lives on the ground and along streams in semi-deciduous forest. Adults carry larvae on their backs to streams, where metamorphosis is completed.
It is very common.
Fires are a major threat, as are agricultural encroachment and human settlement, although it appears not to be significantly threatened by pollution from domestic wastewater. Chytridiomycosis might be a potential future threat.
Its range includes Parque Nacional Henri Pittier (Rancho Grande) and Parque Nacional San Esteban where it is a common species. Further work is required to resolve the taxonomy of this species. This species should be monitored carefully, given the potential future threat of chytridiomycosis.
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened since although its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2 and its habitat is declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable, it occurs in more than ten locations, and its range is probably not severely fragmented.
This form is a complex of more than one species.
Enrique La Marca, Jesús Manzanilla 2004. Mannophryne herminae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55244A11279872. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T55244A11279872.en