Leptodactylus labyrinthicus
Pepper frog, Rã-pimenta, Rana pimienta
family: Leptodactylidae

© 2011 Michel Aguiar Passos (1 of 27)

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Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Venezuela


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in the Cerrados and Caatingas Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Bolivia, northern Argentina (Misiones and Corrientes Provinces), and southern Brazil. It occurs at elevations of up to 1,000m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This species can be found in open habitats and savannah enclaves in dry and moist tropical forests. In Bolivia it has been reported from primary and secondary forests, along rivers, and in pasturelands; also in temporary ponds (De la Riva 1993). It occurs in the water or on the ground near waterbodies. Eggs are found in foam nests and tadpoles are found in lentic water. It is a very adaptable species and is a hgood coloniser of man-made, or formerly closed habitats (Heyer 2005).


It is presumably a common species over much of its range.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There are no major threats to this species. It is harvested for human consumption, but there is no evidence that this is at a level to constitute a threat to the species.

Conservation Actions

The species has been used in experimental commercial frog farms (Péfaur and Sierra 1995). It occurs in many protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)

Taxonomic Notes

Populations from the coastal areas of Venezuela formerly allocated to this taxon, are now considered to be a distinct species, Leptodactylus turimiquensis Heyer, 2005.


Heyer, R., Mijares, A. & Baldo, D. 2008. Leptodactylus labyrinthicus. In: IUCN 2014


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