This species is known from the Pacific lowlands of Panama from the Azuero Peninsula to central Panama, throughout South America, east of the Andes, south to southern Brazil, Bolivia, and northern Argentina. It is distributed over much of Trinidad and Tobago (including Little Tobago Island). It occurs up to 1,700m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a terrestrial and nocturnal frog found in open country, savannahs, grasslands, marshy areas, degraded forests and urban habitats. Males of this species start calling at the onset of the very first rains. Breeding takes place in small burrows in shallow temporary wetlands and the edges of permanent lagoons. The eggs of the species are laid in foam nests within the burrows, when the burrows flood the larvae escape into the adjacent wetlands where the tadpoles then develop. It is an adaptable species that can survive in modified habitats.
It is common throughout much of its range, although it is generally not a common species in Panama.
There are no major threats to this species.
It occurs in many protected areas in South America, but none in Panama.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This form is probably a complex of more than one species.
Robert Reynolds, Ulisses Caramaschi, Abraham Mijares, Andrés Acosta-Galvis, Ronald Heyer, Esteban Lavilla, Jerry Hardy 2004. Leptodactylus fuscus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57129A11588348. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57129A11588348.en