Incilius valliceps
Southern Gulf Coast Toad, Gulf Coast Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2009 Angel Solis (1 of 18)

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Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None



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B. valliceps has well developed cranial crests that produce a deep concavity down the center of the head. A linear series of warts runs along each side of the body, bounded above by a light stripe and below by a dark band. A light mid-dorsal stripe is often visable. The throat of breeding males is yellow-green. Paratoids are relatively small and subtriangular to ellipsoid in shape.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico


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Found on both the Pacific and Atlantic drainages of Middle America from Bebedero and the Rio Frio through the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. This species does not occur on the Pacific coast of Mexico west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, nor on the Cental Plateau. It is widespread along the lowlands of the Gulf Coast from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec to Louisiana, and as far north as Calion, Arkansas. Though it is most common in lowlands, it can be found at elevations up to 1800m in moist environments.


A Spanish-language species account can be found at the website of Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio).


Porter, K. R. (1970). ''Bufo valliceps.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 94.1-94.4.

Written by April Robinson (holden AT, UC Berkeley
First submitted 2001-01-31
Edited by JG (fixing maps 7/25/01) (2009-11-02)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2009 Incilius valliceps: Southern Gulf Coast Toad <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jul 12, 2020.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2020. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 12 Jul 2020.

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