Incilius nebulifer
Gulf Coast Toad, Coastal Plain Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2011 Timothy Burkhardt (1 of 24)

  hear call (554.8K MP3 file)
  hear call (178.7K WMA file)

[call details here]

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico, United States



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from southern Arkansas, southern Mississippi, Louisiana, and central Texas in the USA, southward to Palma Sola, Veracruz, Mexico (Mulcahy and Mendelson 2000).

Habitat and Ecology

This species inhabits coastal prairies, barrier beaches, towns, and a variety of other habitats. Eggs and larvae develop in various kinds of pools, including roadside and irrigation ditches. This species is tolerant of substantial habitat alteration.


It is a widespread and common in suitable habitat.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Not threatened.

Conservation Actions

The range of this species includes a number of protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was removed from the synonymy of Incilius valliceps by Mulcahy and Mendelson (2000).


Geoffrey Hammerson, Luis Canseco-Márquez 2004. Incilius nebulifer. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54714A11190630. .Downloaded on 21 February 2019


IUCN Terms of Use