Disjunct populations of this species occur on the Atlantic slope of north-central Honduras at 0-1,600m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It can be found in lowland moist, and premontane and lower montane wet, forest; all specimens have been collected from broadleaf forests. The larvae apparently develop in streams.
The population is apparently stable in appropriate habitat and the species is recorded on a regular basis.
A major threat to this species is the impact of landslides on upper clear water streams, as a result of strong storms and human activities taking place in the lower portions of the streams. Habitat loss due to slash-and-burn agriculture, smallholder farming, logging, and expanding human settlements is also a significant threat.
Part of the range of this species is protected in La Muralla and Pico Bonito National Parks, the Lancetilla Botanical Garden, and the Reserva de Visda Silvestre Texiguat.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Honduras.
Larry David Wilson, Gustavo Cruz 2004. Incilius leucomyos. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54690A11175905. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54690A11175905.en