Incilius canaliferus
family: Bufonidae

© 2010 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 4)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs on the Pacific slope from south central Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico south to Guatemala and western El Salvador, at elevations of 300-700m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It occurs in mid-elevation semi deciduous forest close to rivers and moderate-sized streams. It breeds in ponds and streams. It occurs in disturbed habitats, including shade coffee plantations.


It is common throughout its range, especially in southern Mexico.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Habitat destruction and possibly water pollution are threats to this species.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in the El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve and El Imposible National Park in El Salvador.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern since, although its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, it is common and adaptable with a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Georgina Santos-Barrera, Manuel Acevedo, Gunther Köhler, Antonio Muñoz Alonso 2010. Incilius canaliferus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T54602A11170656. .Downloaded on 16 February 2019


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