This species is found at low and moderate altitudes in northern and eastern Guatemala, southern Belize, and extreme western Honduras, from 100-1,080m asl. It probably occurs more widely.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in and near streams in pristine forest in mountainous regions (in Honduras, in lowland moist and premontane wet forest). It breeds primarily in streams but has also been found breeding in pools in Guatemala.
It is still found in good numbers in appropriate habitats in Belize and Honduras, and is still common in the Sierra de Santa Cruz.
In Honduras and Guatemala, it is threatened by habitat destruction, and in Belize, by hurricanes.
Much of its range is protected in forest reserves of the Mayan Mountains, in Parque Nacional Laguna Lachuá and the Reserva de Manantiales Montañas del Mico, and Parque Nacional Cerro Azul in Honduras.
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened because its Extent of Occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat are declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
Julian Lee, Manuel Acevedo, Larry David Wilson, Paul Walker 2004. Incilius campbelli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54601A11170251. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54601A11170251.en