This species ranges widely in southern China, with populations recorded from Yunnan, Guangxi and Guangdong provinces. A number of new populations have been found in recent years, suggesting that the species occurs more widely than has been mapped, especially in intervening areas between known populations. It has been recorded at 100-600m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits forests, secondary habitats, streams, creeks and the nearby-cultivated fields. The adults are subterranean. It is oviparous with terrestrial eggs and aquatic larvae.
It is more common than was once thought, and it has been found to be common in certain localities, for example the Xishuangbanna National Reserve.
It is an adaptable species that does not appear to be significantly threatened.
Several protected areas in the region support this species including the Xishuangbanna National Reserve.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
This is a poorly circumscribed species in need of taxonomic review (M. Wilkinson pers. comm.). It could comprise more than one species.
Yuan Zhigang, Chou Wenhao, Mark Wilkinson, David Gower 2004. Ichthyophis bannanicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59609A11967645. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T59609A11967645.en .Downloaded on 18 February 2019