Hypsiboas pugnax
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Hylinae

© 2009 Aldemar A. Acevedo (1 of 16)

  hear call (844.3K MP3 file)

[call details here]

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Panama, Venezuela


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is found in Panama, Colombia, and Venezuela. In Panama, it is found in the Chitiqui lowlands, Azuero Peninsula and Río Bejuco. In Colombia, it occurs in the northern lowlands, including in the Lower and Middle Magdalena Valley, as well as in the Llanos region in the Departments of Arauca and Casanare. In western Venezuela, it is recorded from the States of Falcón, Mérida, and Táchira, and is to be expected in Zulia, Apure, and Barinas. It occurs from sea level to 700m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives arboreally in degraded forests, humid lowland savannah, pastureland, and in agricultural and urban areas. It is not found in primary forest and it breeds in temporary and permanent ponds. It is often found in bushes at the edges of ponds or in the water in the shallows of these ponds. Nests are constructed mostly in sandy substrates at the edge of streams. Eggs (1783-2050, mean=1896) are deposited within this chamber and take 95 days (at 21 C) to complete development, up to and including metamorphosis. Reproduction peaks in February (dry season), although nests have been found at other times of the year (Chacón-Ortiz et al. 2004).


It is a very abundant species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

It is an adaptable species that is not facing any known threats.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in several protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)

Taxonomic Notes

This species was previously within the genus Hyla but has recently been moved to the resurrected genus Hypsiboas (Faivovich, et al., 2005). It is generally difficult to distinguish this species from Hypsiboas crepitans.


Enrique La Marca, Jose Vicente Rueda, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo, Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor, César Luis Barrio Amorós 2010. Hypsiboas pugnax. In: IUCN 2014


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