This species is endemic to Nepal. Reports from north-east India reflect a misidentification with Rana danielii. It is a lowland species occurring below 500m asl in the foothills of the Himalayan range. It probably occurs a little more widely, and can be expected to occur in India.
Habitat and Ecology
It is associated with terai grasslands, bushes and tropical Shorea forest in hilly areas. Specimens were collected by Das (1998) under logs in Shorea forest with scattered patches of short grass and bare earth. There is little information available concerning details of reproduction or larval habitat.
The population status of this species is unknown.
The main threat to this species is habitat loss as a result of selective logging of forests and changes in water management regimes (such as dam construction).
The original collection of this species occurred in Royal Chitwan National Park (Das 1998).
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened because its Extent of Occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat are probably declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
Sushil Dutta, Tej Kumar Shrestha, Annemarie Ohler 2004. Hylarana chitwanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T29419A9495838. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T29419A9495838.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019