Holoaden pholeter
family: Strabomantidae
subfamily: Holoadeninae
Species Description: Pombal JP, Jr, Siqueira CC, Dorigo TA, Vrcibradic D, Rocha CFD 2008 A third species of the rare frog genus Holoaden (Terrarana, Strabomantidae) from a montane rainforest area of southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 1938:61-68
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None



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From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from the type locality: forested mountain slopes in the district of Theodoro de Oliveira, municipality of Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. This area lies within the Serra dos Órgãos (a subdivision of the Serra do Mar mountain range), in the Atlantic Forest domain (Pombal et al. 2008). It is found between 1,200-1,400 m asl (Pombal et al. 2008).

Habitat and Ecology

This species is found in montane Atlantic Forest. Of reclusive habits, individuals can be found at night in the leaf litter and within holes at the base of trees (Pombal et al. 2008). This species is believed to breed by direct development (Pombal et al. 2008).


The cryptic habits of Holoaden make it difficult to find these frogs, thus making them appear rarer than they may actually be (Pombal et al. 2008).

Population Trend


Major Threats

Habitat destruction in the form of urban development (commercial and residential) and land use change (for e.g. agriculture) is a general threat to Atlantic forests.

Conservation Actions

This species is found within the Parque Estadual dos Três Picos, a recently created conservation unit that includes much of the Serra dos Órgãos mountain range (Pombal et al. 2008).

Red List Status

Data Deficient (DD)


Listed as Data Deficient since it has only recently been described, and there is still very little information on its extent of occurrence, status and ecological requirements.


Angulo, A. 2009. Holoaden pholeter. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T158620A5242224. .Downloaded on 21 February 2019


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