This species is known from the Cordillera de la Costa in the Venezuelan coastal mountain range, from 800-1,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is associated with bromeliads (especially during dry periods when it takes refuge in them) in cloud forest. Breeding is by direct development, and the eggs are carried on the female's back.
In some places (such as in Cerro Avila; Barrio 1999) it seems to be an abundant species; however, in other places (such as Parque Nacional Henri Pittier; La Marca 1995b; Manzanilla et al. 1995), where it used to be common, it is now less so.
Threats to its habitat are minimal in some places like Parque Nacional Henri Pittier, but elsewhere the habitat is severely threatened by agriculture, logging and infrastructure development. The cause(s) of the decline in pristine habitats is not clear, and chytridiomycosis cannot be ruled out, but it seems improbable as this species is not associated with water.
A number of populations are protected in national parks, including Parques Nacionales El Avila, San Esteban, Yurubi and Henri Pittier. Research is needed to better understand the reasons for the species' decline in suitable habitats.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in the Venezuelan Coastal Range.
This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich et al. 2005).
Enrique La Marca, Jesús Manzanilla 2004. Gastrotheca ovifera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55350A11297300. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T55350A11297300.en