This species is known from eight localities in intermontane basins in the Andes, in Azuay Province, southern Ecuador, at 3,000-3,600m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits sub-páramo, subhumid pastureland and grassy páramo (Duellman and Hillis 1987). There is no information on the breeding habits of this species, but the eggs are presumably carried on the back of the female, and it is likely that the larvae are deposited in small pools of water or streams.
There is no information on the population status of this species. It is often confused with G. pseustes, and it appears that one or other, or both, of these species may be declining.
The major threat is habitat destruction and degradation due, in particular, to large-scale livestock ranching. However, it might be declining even within suitable habitat, possibly due to chytridiomycosis.
Its geographic range slightly overlaps Parque Nacional Cajas, and it also occurs in the Bosques Protector Masan and Zurocucho. Survey work is needed to determine the current population status of this species, and to ascertain whether it is declining in suitable habitat due to chytrid.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in the Ecuadorian Andes.
This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich et al. 2005).
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Manuel Morales 2004. Gastrotheca litonedis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55342A11295890. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T55342A11295890.en .Downloaded on 21 February 2019