AmphibiaWeb - Euphlyctis hexadactylus


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Euphlyctis hexadactylus (Lesson, 1834)
Indian Five-fingered Frog, Indian Bullfrog (CITES)
family: Dicroglossidae
subfamily: Dicroglossinae
genus: Euphlyctis
Euphlyctis hexadactylus
© 2011 Martin Pickersgill (1 of 9)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
CITES Appendix II
National Status Lower Risk
Regional Status None


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Size of males: 90 mm, females 130 mm; E. hexadactylus has a flattish snout with indistinct canthus rostalis; tympanum is distinct, equal or slightly less than a diameter of eye; first finger longer or equal than second; toes fully webbed; bright grass green or olive green above; with or without a pale yellow vertebral stripe line from snout to vent; ventrally and on flanks white or yellowish white; juvenile have bars or spots of dark green and black on the back; males with external vocal sacs; aquire nuptial pads on the outer aspect on the first and second finger at breeding time.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka

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Southern India, Rajasthan and Bengal, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh up to 760 m asl.. Found in ponds with dense aquatic vegetation for merging the body.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Fully aquatic species. Found swimming on surface indside vegetation. Breeding is during monsoon; lays 2000 eggs with a diameter of 1 mm. Feeding on insects and other frogs.

Relation to Humans
Found next to human settlements and often in rice fields.

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

Local pesticides, fertilizers, and pollutants
Long-distance pesticides, toxins, and pollutants


Anders, C. (2002). Biologie und Systematik der Amphibien Nepals. Veröffentlichungen aus dem Fuhlrott-Museum, Wuppertal, Germany.

Daniel, J. C. (2002). The Book of Indian Reptiles and Amphibians. Bombay National History Society, Delhi.

De Silva, A., Molur, S., and Walker, S. (2000). CAMP Report for Amphibians and Reptiles of Sri Lanka. Conservation Breeding Specialist Group, Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Dutta, S.K. and Manamendra-Arachchi, K. (1996). The Amphibian Fauna of Sri Lanka. Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K. (2000). ''Know your frog.'' Sri Lanka Nature, 2(5), 4-16.

Schleich, H. H., and Kästle, W. (2002). Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Germany.

Originally submitted by: peter janzen (first posted 2005-05-17)
Edited by: Tate Tunstall (2005-09-06)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2005 Euphlyctis hexadactylus: Indian Five-fingered Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jul 23, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 23 Jul 2024.

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