This species has a very restricted distribution on the peaks of Formon and Macaya on the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Its altitudinal range is from 1,700-2,340m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial species, occurring in open sites in montane closed pine and cloud forest. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.
It is believed to be common in suitable habitat. It was last recorded in 2006 (Hedges and Díaz 2009).
The major threat is habitat loss, primarily due to logging (charcoal collection) by local people and slash-and-burn agriculture.
It is known to occur only in the Parc National Macaya, but there is no management of this area for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. Urgent site-based action is required in the Massif de la Hotte to conserve the remaining habitat in the area.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat on the Massif de la Hotte; Haiti; and because it has an Extent of Occurrence of less than 100km2 and an Area of Occupancy of less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single sub-population, and the extent of its forest habitat is declining.
Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas 2010. Eleutherodactylus ventrilineatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T57034A11572140. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T57034A11572140.en .Downloaded on 18 February 2019