Eleutherodactylus tetajulia
Cuban Stripeless Leaf-litter Frog
Subgenus: Euhyas
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae

© 2009 Ariel Rodriguez (1 of 1)

  hear Fonozoo call

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status Vulnerable (Cuban Conservation Action Management Plan)
Regional Status None



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Eleutherodactylus tetajulia is a tiny frog, with males reaching only 12 mm in SVL and the larger females up to 14 mm in SVL. The digits are small and the digital discs are absent. There is no webbing between the toes. The vomerine teeth, behind the choanae, are in a curved series (Estrada and Hedges 1996).

It is coppery-brown dorsally with a dark brown mid-dorsal hourglass-shaped blotch. There is a narrow, whitish mid-dorsal line which is absent on the tip of the snout. The flanks are coppery-red. Other markings include a narrow black interocular bar, a dark brown horseshoe-shaped sacral mark (with coppery color inside) and black supratympanic and groin bars. The forearm is reddish-brown and the arm is brown with a black bar. The thighs each have three black bars and the shanks have three dark brown crossbars. The venter is purple with white markings. (Estrada and Hedges 1996).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Cuba


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This species is endemic to Cuba and it is found only in isolated localities of the Sagua-Baracoa mountains, in eastern Cuba. It occurs between 300-600 m above sea level. This is a terrestrial species found in the leaf litter of rainforests and secondary hardwood forests (Estrada and Hedges 1996).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Males vocalize during both day and night from concealed locations on the forest floor. Calls consist of a series of 4-13 evenly spaced “chirps”, somewhat similar to those of E. intermedius. The dominant frequency is about 3.8-3.9 kHz. Males apparently attend the clutch and provide parental care; one individual was captured along with six eggs and a female, within a hole formed by the decayed canter of a tree fern about 10 cm above the ground (Estrada and Hedges 1996).

Trends and Threats
The major threat is habitat destruction and deforestation, as a result of the impacts of subsistence farming and logging. Mining may also pose a threat to this species (Hedges and Diaz 2004).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

General habitat alteration and loss
Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Intensified agriculture or grazing

Eleutherodactylus tetajulia is a member of the subgenus Euhyas (Heinicke et al., 2007).

Etymology- From the Spanish, a noun in apposition, referring to Las Tetas de Julia (the breasts of Julia), two prominent peaks near the type locality (Estrada and Hedges 1996).


Estrada, A.R. and Hedges, S.B. (1996). ''A new frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus from eastern Cuba (Anura: Leptodactylidae).'' Herpetologica, 52(3), 435-439.

Hedges, S. B. and Díaz, L. M. (2004). Eleutherodactylus tetajulia. In: IUCN 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 11 November 2007.

Heinicke, M. P., Duellman, W. E., Hedges, S. B. (2007). ''Major Caribbean and Central American frog faunas originated by ancient oceanic dispersal.'' Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(24), 10092-10097.

Written by Ansel Fong G. (ansel AT, BIOECO, Cuba
First submitted 2007-11-07
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2008-01-13)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2008 Eleutherodactylus tetajulia: Cuban Stripeless Leaf-litter Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed May 31, 2020.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2020. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 31 May 2020.

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