AmphibiaWeb - Eleutherodactylus hedricki


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Eleutherodactylus hedricki Rivero, 1963
Puerto Rican Treehole Frog, Hedrick's coqui
Subgenus: Eleutherodactylus
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae
genus: Eleutherodactylus
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Endangered (EN)
National Status None
Regional Status None
Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report .



View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (1 records).

This species measures in average 35 mm. It is dark dorsally, sometimes with an inverted parenthesis. It can also be identified because it has a constriction behind the head, short and rounded snout. Males have a dark throat (Rivero 1998) .

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Puerto Rico


View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (1 records).
This species is found in high elevation forests. It calls from and lays eggs in cavities in trees, (Rivero, 1963) so old trees can be a limiting factor in its distribution.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
The call is a series of loud pings, that sound like hitting an anvil (Rivero, 1998). It is not abundant where it is found, but no population has dissapeared recently (Villanueva-Rivera, pers obs).

Trends and Threats
While the species can be found in many protected areas, the latest IUCN assessment states that chytridiomycosis is the leading cause of decline in this species. A call for ex-situ population development has been called for (Angulo 2008).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

Climate change, increased UVB or increased sensitivity to it, etc.


Angulo, A. 2008. Eleutherodactylus hedricki. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. Downloaded on 24 July 2013.

Rivero, J. A. (1963). ''Eleutherodactylus hedricki, a new species of frog from Puerto Rico (Salienta, Leptodactylidae).'' Breviora, 185, 1-7.

Rivero, J.A. (1998). Los Anfibios y Reptiles de Puerto Rico. University of Puerto Rico Press

Originally submitted by: Luis J. Villanueva-Rivera (first posted 2005-02-28)
Edited by: Tate Tunstall, Ann T. Chang (2013-07-24)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2013 Eleutherodactylus hedricki: Puerto Rican Treehole Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Feb 29, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 29 Feb 2024.

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