This species is widespread in Jamaica, and it occurs up to 1,515m asl. It appears to have been accidentally introduced into Bermuda in vegetation imported from Jamaica in the 1890s. However, it became apparent that the population was declining by the mid 1990s, and might have been extirpated from Bermuda since no specimens of this species had been observed since 1994 (Bacon et al., 2006).
Habitat and Ecology
It is terrestrial and is found in a variety of mesic habitats including rural gardens and former forest. It is dependent on moist habitats, as well as in undisturbed forest. Agricultural land might not be suitable due to the pollution from agrochemicals. The eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.
It can be common in suitable habitat.
It is a relatively adaptable species although extensive clearance of the habitat is a major threat, for example from intensive agricultural practices and infrastructure development. It is less threatened than most other Jamaican species.
In Bermuda, studies strongly suggest that Bermuda’s whistling frogs and toads were exhibiting effects caused by exposure to environmental stressors (pesticides and heavy metals, see Bacon et al., 2006).
It occurs in the Blue and John Crow Mountain National Park, and several forest reserves.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson 2010. Eleutherodactylus gossei. In: IUCN 2014