This species is a member of the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group (Subgenus Eleutherodactylus). It has a brown or copper dorsal surface with two discontinuous black lines that follow dorsolateral folds. The dorsum is moderately tuberculate, with dorsolateral folds; the venter is moderately areolate. The flanks are yellowish with brown to black markings. The head is light brown and there is a faint brown interocular bar or triangle. In addition, some possess an X-shaped brown mark behind the interocular bar. There is a black stripe from snout to supratympanic fold, which is interrupted at the eyes. A white mid-dorsal hairline extends from snout to vent and onto each thigh along the ventral face of the shank. The venter is a translucent white; the vocal sac is yellow. The vomerine teeth, behind the coanes, are in short and straight series. Adult size is small, reaching 24 mm in females and 20 mm in males. This species is very similar to E. auriculatus; the distinction is based principally on vocalizations, call site and color of vocal sac (Estrada and Hedges 1997).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Cuba
This species is endemic to Cuba. It is known only from the Sierra Maestra Mountains in Eastern Cuba, primarily at elevations above 800 m. It is found in rainforests, cloud forests and pinewoods.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
At night, these frogs situate themselves low on bushes and ferns 0.5-2 m above the ground. During the day, they can be found on leaf litter, on the ground and under stones. Individuals typically call from horizontal surfaces of leaves, although during the day they call from more concealed sites. This is a direct-developing species. In August and September, pairs in amplexus in leaf litter, and clutches beneath stones containing 6-11 eggs, have been found in the highest elevations (Pico Turquino and its environs). Vocalization consists of a “ting” note repeated continuously in long series (67-78 calls/minute). The dominant frequency is about 3.2-3.3 kHz (Estrada and Hedges 1997; Fong unpublished).
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Intensified agriculture or grazing
Etymology: From the Greek glamyros, meaning "bleary-eyed" or "watery-eyed," in allusion to the misty, cloud forest habitat of this species (Estrada and Hedges 1997). Related species: E. auriculatus, E. principalis
Estrada, A. R., and Hedges, S.B. (1997). ''A new species of frog from the Sierra Maestra, Cuba (Leptodactylidae, Eleutherodactylus).'' Journal of Herpetology, 31(3), 364-368.
Originally submitted by: Ansel Fong G. (first posted 2004-10-18)
Edited by: Anisha Gandhi (2005-08-31)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2005 Eleutherodactylus glamyrus: Turquino Fern Frog <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/5745> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Dec 5, 2022.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2022. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 5 Dec 2022.
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