This species is restricted to the Sierra de Trinidad, Cuba, from 350-830m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a terrestrial inhabitant of closed-canopy, humid forests, and has not been recorded outside forest habitat. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.
It is an uncommon species.
The major threat to this species is habitat loss due to agricultural expansion, the development of tourism infrastructure, and the disturbance of the habitat from tourist activities.
It is known from a few protected areas, although these areas do not provide sufficient protection for the species, and there is a need to provide more adequate protection of the remaining forest habitat.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is much less than 5,000km2, its Area of Occupancy is less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Cuba.
Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Eleutherodactylus emiliae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56578A11485506. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56578A11485506.en .Downloaded on 18 February 2019