This species is restricted to a very small area on the Massif de la Hotte, in Haiti, where it has been recorded at elevations of 575-2,375 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is found under ground cover in dwarf cloud forest, and also in clearings (although the latter is not its main habitat, and it is not known whether or not the species can persist outside forest). Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.
It was formerly common in good habitat in the past, but due to habitat loss the species is now considered to be an extremely rare species. It has been recently (2006) recorded (Hedges and Díaz 2009).
Severe habitat destruction is taking place in its range, primarily due to logging by local people (charcoaling) and slash-and-burn agriculture.
Although it occurs in the Parc National Macaya, there is no active management of this area for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. Urgent site-based action is required in the Massif de la Hotte to conserve the remaining habitat in the area, in order to ensure the persistence of this species as well as other threatened amphibians known only from this area. Survey work in the region is required to determine the population status of this species.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas, Robert Powell 2010. Eleutherodactylus brevirostris. In: IUCN 2014