This species is widespread in India and Sri Lanka. It is generally present from sea level to 300m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This terrestrial species inhabits a number of habitat types including wet evergreen tropical forest, tropical dry forest, dry scrubland, grassland, coastal marshes and rural farmland areas. Adults are generally found under ground cover, or during the breeding season they are found in grasslands close to waterbodies. Larvae are aquatic and occur in stagnant waters.
It is a common species. Populations of this toad are generally considered to be decreasing over parts of its range (Sri Lanka and the Western Ghats in India).
Deforestation for commercial purposes, pollution of land and waterbodies with agrochemicals and the loss of suitable habitat to urbanization are major threats to this species.
It is found in many protected areas in India and Sri Lanka.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Sushil Dutta, Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi 2004. Duttaphrynus scaber. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54753A11199889. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54753A11199889.en .Downloaded on 24 February 2019