Duttaphrynus scaber
family: Bufonidae
Species Description: Schneider, J.G. 1799. Historia Amphibiorum Naturalis et Literarariae. Fasciculus Primus. Continens Ranas, Calamitas, Bufones, Salamandras et Hydros in Genera et Species Descriptos Notisque suis Distinctos. 222.

© 2006 Dr. Peter Janzen (1 of 6)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: India, Sri Lanka



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is widespread in India and Sri Lanka. It is generally present from sea level to 300m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This terrestrial species inhabits a number of habitat types including wet evergreen tropical forest, tropical dry forest, dry scrubland, grassland, coastal marshes and rural farmland areas. Adults are generally found under ground cover, or during the breeding season they are found in grasslands close to waterbodies. Larvae are aquatic and occur in stagnant waters.


It is a common species. Populations of this toad are generally considered to be decreasing over parts of its range (Sri Lanka and the Western Ghats in India).

Population Trend


Major Threats

Deforestation for commercial purposes, pollution of land and waterbodies with agrochemicals and the loss of suitable habitat to urbanization are major threats to this species.

Conservation Actions

It is found in many protected areas in India and Sri Lanka.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Sushil Dutta, Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi 2004. Duttaphrynus scaber. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54753A11199889. .Downloaded on 24 February 2019


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