Desmognathus ocoee
Ocoee Salamander
Subgenus: Desmognathus
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Plethodontinae

© 2014 Todd Pierson (1 of 82)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: United States



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species can be found in the United States. There are two allopatric units: (1) Appalachian Plateau of northeastern Alabama and (2) southwestern Blue Ridge Physiographic Province south of the Pigeon River (the latter including the Balsam, Blue Ridge, Cowee, Great Smoky, Nanatahala, Snowbird, Tusquitee and Unicoi mountains and low-elevation populations in the gorges of the Hiwassee, Ocoee and Tugaloo rivers), Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Tennessee; at least some of the populations in the Cumberland Plateau of Tennessee might represent this species (Tilley and Mahoney 1996).

Habitat and Ecology

Its habitat ranges from low gorges to the highest mountaintops in the Great Smoky Mountains (Petranka 1998). The species often is abundant on wet rock faces. At lower elevations and in winter, this salamander usually concentrates near seepage areas, springs and small streams; it may range into adjacent wooded areas in wet weather. It is more terrestrial at higher elevations and is a characteristic inhabitant of the floor of spruce-fir forests. Individuals frequently climb plants on rainy nights (Petranka 1998). Adults and juveniles congregate in seepages and underground retreats in winter (Shealy 1975). Eggs are laid in wet rock crevices or under rocks, logs or moss in seepage areas or near small streams, usually at or slightly above the water surface (Pope 1924, Martof and Rose 1963, Forester 1977, Bruce 1990, Petranka 1998). The larvae develop in water.


This is one of the most common salamander species in the southern Appalachian Mountains (Petranka 1998).

Population Trend


Major Threats

There are no major pervasive threats.

Conservation Actions

No conservation actions are needed. It occurs in many protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was removed from synonymy with Desmognathus ochrophaeus by Tilley and Mahoney (1996)(Frost 2014).


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Desmognathus ocoee. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T59254A63999260. .Downloaded on 19 February 2019


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