This species occurs in Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia. In Costa Rica, it is known from the southern Pacific versant. In Panama, this species is found in the western part of the Cordillera Central, adjacent to Costa Rica, and in the eastern cordilleras in the south-east in Darién Province, adjacent to Colombia. It has also been recorded from two localities in Antioquia Department in north-western Colombia. It occurs in both lowland and montane areas.
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits humid montane and lowland forest, where it is mainly subterranean, but is sometimes also found under logs and in leaf-litter. It is presumed to be a terrestrial viviparous species, like other species of Dermophis.
Its population status is unknown. Only a few specimens are known. A specimen of this species was collected in 2005 at Uvita (at 10m) close to the Pacific coast in Costa Rica (Federico Bolaños and Gerardo Chaves pers. comm.)
The extent to which deforestation is a threat to the species is unknown.
It occurs in Parque Internacional La Amistad (Panama), Parque Nacional Darién (Panama), and the Estación Biológica Las Cruces (Costa Rica). It is in need of taxonomic review (Mark Wilkinson pers. comm.)
Red List Status
Data Deficient (DD)
Listed as Data Deficient in view of continuing uncertainties as to its taxonomic status, extent of occurrence and ecological requirements.
This species was removed from the synonymy of Dermophis mexicanus by Savage and Wake (2001). Its taxonomic status is unclear, and the conspecificity of the disjunct populations is unknown.
Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Chaves, G., Bolaños, F., Savage, J., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q. & Wilkinson, M. 2008. Dermophis glandulosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59543A11961135. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59543A11961135.en .Downloaded on 21 February 2019