This species is found on the Atlantic versant slopes of the northern highlands of Guatemala from Sierra de las Minas, Alta Verapaz, and Baja Verapaz, westward through Sierra de los Cuchumatanes to north-western Huehuetenango, Guatemala, then to Chiapas, Mexico, in Parque Nacional Lagunas de Montebello, at altitudes of 1,200-2,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species prefers riparian habitats along streams flowing through premontane and montane wet forests, cloud forest and humid pine-oak forest. It is commonly found on the ground or beneath leaf-litter along streams, where it also breeds by direct development.
It is uncommon throughout its range; there is no recent information from Chiapas.
A major threat to this species is habitat loss and disturbance due to agriculture and selective logging, particularly since it clearly does not adapt well to disturbed areas. Some other species of Craugastor that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.
It occurs in a single protected area in Mexico, Parque Nacional Lagunas de Montebello, and is present in Biotopo del Quetzal and the Bisis-Cabá and Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserves in Guatemala. Survey work is needed to evaluate the status of this species in Chiapas.
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in Guatemala and Mexico.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Manuel Acevedo, Antonio Muñoz Alonso 2004. Craugastor brocchi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56478A11470499. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56478A11470499.en .Downloaded on 21 February 2019