AmphibiaWeb - Chiromantis xerampelina


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Chiromantis xerampelina Peters, 1854
Gray Tree Frog, Usomagwebu waseningizimua (Zulu)
family: Rhacophoridae
subfamily: Rhacophorinae
genus: Chiromantis
Species Description: Peters, W. C. H. (1854). Diagnosen neuer Batrachier, welche zusammen mit der früher (24. Juli und 18. August) gegebenen Übersicht der Schlangen und Eidechsen mitgetheilt werden. Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlich Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1854: 614–628.
Chiromantis xerampelina
© 2011 Martin Pickersgill (1 of 34)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
National Status None
Regional Status None


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A very large Chiromantis from eastern Africa with almost full webbing. Males 43–75 mm, females 60–90 mm. No tarsal fold. Dorsal surfaces brownish to grey, sometimes white, with or without darker mottling. Similar in pattern and placement of vomerine teeth to Chiromantis petersii, but differing by the extensive webbing; broad web extends more than 70% of the distance between the tubercles of the third finger.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, United Republic of, Zambia, Zimbabwe

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View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
amphibiandisease logo View Bd and Bsal data (8 records).
In the northern part of its range seems to prefer rather dense humid savanna, sometimes semi-deciduous forests. Further south apparently in drier savanna. Found in savannas from coastal Kenya to north-eastern South Africa and inland to north-eastern Namibia.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
The voice consists of subdued croaks and squeaks emitted irregularly.

As with other species of Chiromantis, pairs build foam nests over water bodies, where eggs are deposited. Larvae once hatched drop into the water. Development similar to that of C. rufescens.

The tadpole has a tooth formula of 1,2+2/3 (Schiøtz 2008).

This account was taken from "Treefrogs of Africa" by Arne Schiøtz with kind permission from Edition Chimaira publishers, Frankfurt am Main. Updated by A. Schiøtz, 2008.


Phaka, F.M., Netherlands, E.C., Kruger, D.J.D., Du Preez, L.H. (2019). Folk taxonomy and indigenous names for frogs in Zululand, South Africa. J Ethnobiology Ethnomedicine 15, 17. [link]

Poynton, J. C. (2000). ''Foam-nest treefrogs in eastern Africa (Anura Rhacophoridae Chiromantis) : taxonomic complexities.'' African Journal of Herpetology, 49, 111-128.

Schiøtz, A. (1999). Treefrogs of Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

Originally submitted by: Arne Schiøtz (first posted 2000-12-25)
Edited by: Kellie Whittaker, Michelle S. Koo (2023-06-01)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2023 Chiromantis xerampelina: Gray Tree Frog <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jul 21, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 21 Jul 2024.

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