Ceratophrys cornuta
Surinam Horned Frog
family: Ceratophryidae

© 2018 Mauro Teixeira Jr (1 of 32)

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Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species geographic range exists from Amazonian Basin of Colombia, Ecuador, the Guianas, southern Venezuela (although there are no specimens to confirm as yet), Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. It has an altitudinal range of 0-400m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This species can be found in open environments in forested areas and on the ground in leaf-litter within old growth rainforest. At Santa Cecilia, one specimen was found sitting on the ground in secondary forest at the night (Duellman, 1978). Rodríguez and Duellman (1994) observed that this terrestrial, nocturnal frog backs into leaf-litter so that only the head is visible, in this position it waits for passing prey. It breeds in pools.


It is a rare to locally common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threats are not known, although the species could be of interest to the pet trade, which might affect some populations.

Conservation Actions

The range of this species includes many protected areas. In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with Reserva Biológica Limoncocha. The distribution of the species in Venezuela in not known with certainty, and is the reason why we do not know whether or not some populations live within protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Enrique La Marca, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Claudia Azevedo-Ramos 2004. Ceratophrys cornuta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56337A11464093. .Downloaded on 21 February 2019


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